60 years ago today - Aug 27, 1954

With specific reference to U.S. Supreme Court's recent decision of BROWN vs. BOARD OF EDUCATION which declared segregation unconstitutional, Apostle Mark E. Petersen instructs all LDS "college level" religion teachers: "I would be willing to let every Negro drive a Cadillac if they could afford it. I would be willing that they have all the advantages they can get out of life in the world. But let them enjoy these things among themselves. I think the Lord segregated the Negro and who is man to change that segregation?" After stating that marriage with African-American is impossible for faithful caucasian Mormons, Apostle Petersen extends his opposition to racial intermarriage by affirming that it is God's will that "the Hawaiians should marry Hawaiians, the Japanese ought to marry the Japanese, and the Chinese ought to marry Chinese, and the Caucasians should marry Caucasians."

120 years ago today - Aug 27, 1894

President Grover Cleveland issued a proclamation granting pardons and restoring civil rights to those who had been disfranchised under anti-polygamy laws.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

125 years ago today - Aug 27, 1889

DESERET NEWS describes as "Organized Tyranny" a labor strike at construction site of Zion's Savings Bank. "We feel ashamed to know that many of these men who have combined [in] this improper manner are 'Mormons,'" NEWS observes. "On general principles we are opposed to 'strikes,' because they usually result in much more harm than good to all parties affected and are often started on incorrect principles."

170 years ago today - 27 August 1844, Tuesday

[William Clayton Diary] "...Thus has ended the earthly career of an innocent sufferer [Clayton's son via secret polygamous wife] who has known no comfort in this life but has suffered since his birth to his death. The tongue of slander has swung freely against him and many which his death /sic/. He is gone to rest with the just and will come forth again to inherit thrones, kingdoms, dominions principalities and powers in the mansions of his father. /Same day Cahoon went to get the Secretary but she returned it empty of its important papers/ ''She did this by means of a false key which will unlock it. Her [Emma's] treachery seems unbounded Rigdon, Marks, Emma, and some others are trying to draw of [off] a party They say there is no church."

[Source: Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

170 years ago today - Aug 27, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball] ...At 10 in the morning I met at the Masonick Hall with the officers of the Legion with the Twelve. Elder Young was nominated Liutenant General and Charls Rich Major Genral. ...

[Source: Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

170 years ago today - 1844 27 Aug.

A private council meeting votes to sustain Young's resolution to fulfill all of Joseph Smith's Nauvoo innovations.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

170 years ago today - Aug 27, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff before leaving for England] ... we walked to the Temple of the Lord in Nauvoo, and as we approached it we lifted up our eyes and beheld the greatness grandure and glory that presented itself to our view in a conspicuous manner. While she was coverd with the silver rays of the Queen of the night who was pouring the whole strength of the brighness of her glory upon her it presented an imposing, grand, and sublime senery to the beholder.

After gazing a few moments upon her magnus walls, and examining her capitols which were Completed, standing on the ground, we all as of one accord assended the laders unto the top of the walls. Several of the policee and friends followed our example ... we bowed our knees upon the top corner stone which was prepaired to recieve its Capitol, And their with up lifted hands towards heaven, I called upon the God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph by Prayer and supplication to except the gratitude of our hearts for his mercies and blessings unto us in preserving our lives giving us power to build the Temple thus far. Prayed that the Saints might have power to finish the Temple according to the Patern given, and accepted at their hands, that the Saints might recieve their endowment, and be prepared to plant the work of God in all the world.

I asked my heavenly father in the name of Jesus Christ and by virtue of the Holy Priesthood and the Keys of the kingdom of God that he would spedily avenge the blood of Joseph the Prophet Seer and Revelator, and Hiram the Patriarch, which had been shed by the hands of the American gentile nation, upon all the heads of the Nation and State that have aided, abeted or perpetrated the horid deed, of sheding the blood of those righteous men even the Lords anointed.

...After Prayers we again desended to the ground returned to our homes with Joy and peace in our hearts.

A Blessing given under the hands of B. Young

And H. C. Kimball

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

1 year ago - 2013-08-26

Ordain Women sponsored the Equal in Faith Fast

Ordain Women and the Catholic Women's Ordination Conference, along with women from several other religious traditions met in Washington, D.C. and Salt Lake City to fast for gender justice.

[Source: Mormon Women's History Timeline, http://www1.chapman.edu/~remy/MoFem/mormonwomen.html]

65 years ago today - Aug 26, 1949

[George Albert Smith] Dr. John A.Widtsoe came to my office about 12:45, at my invitation, and I went over with him a letter which I just received from Francis Kirkham having reference to some research work which he has been doing and also the forth coming publication of a book by Dale Morgan which will have much anti-Church information in it. Brother Widtsoe said that he would follow through on this matter with Brother Kirkham looking to an early publication of the material which has been compiled by Brother Kirkham. This material should do much to refute and off set the information contained in Dale Morgan's book.

[Source: George Albert Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

75 years ago today - Aug 26, 1939

[President Heber J. Grant ] After lunch had a long interview with Preston D. Richards and Albert E. Bowen. They are both alarmed for fear Mr. Louis Bromfield, who has prepared the scenario for the Brigham Young picutre (sic) will have some very unfavorable comments as he was one of the committee that awarded the Harper Prize of $5,000 to a very unfavoarble (sic) book, the outstanding book of the year according to Harper-'Children of God.' This book gives an account of the Mormon people, Brigham Young, etc. is very unfavorable. I thought I would buy a copy of it, but Brother Bowen said he didn't think it would be worth my while to even read it that it is simply rotten. Colonel Joy of the Twentieth Century-Fox assured us that we should have a company of the story before the picture is made and we were given to understand in all our interviews with officials of the company that we would find nothing objectionable in the story . It was practically understood that we were to have the privilege of reading the story before the picture is completed.

[Source: Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

105 years ago today - Thursday, Aug 26, 1909

[Apostle John Henry Smith ] At 2 p.m. the funeral of [former Apostle] Moses Thatcher was held in the Tabernacle. The building was filled to suffocation. ... Brigham H. Roberts spoke very intensely and to my mind quite defiantly.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

115 years ago today - Saturday, Aug 26, 1899

[Apostle John Henry Smith ] ...President Franklin D. Richards spoke 37 minutes. His mind would not work and he stood for four minutes at a time without saying a word. All were much distressed by his evident growing weakness of Intelect. He seemed very nervious. He, however, stuck to the text. ...

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

120 years ago today - Aug 26,1894

"First time a woman has spoken in the Salt Lake Tabernacle on the Sabbath at the regular service- the people don't know what to make of it-it must bode good for women." The speaker is a non-Mormon.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

170 years ago today - 1844 26 Aug.

The apostles privately excommunicate [hopeful successor to Joseph Smith] James Strang, a repetition of the Michigan branch's action. He is publicly excommunicated again in the Nauvoo temple 1 Feb. 1846.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

30 years ago today - Aug 25, 1984

BYU anthropology professor Ray T. Matheny, speaking at a Sunstone Symposium states, "All these [Book of Mormon cultural traits] paint a scene that seem[s] to be quite foreign to what I am familiar with in the archaeological record of the New World. . . And the terminologies and the language used and the methods of explaining and putting things down are nineteenth century literary concepts and cultural experiences one would expect Joseph Smith and his colleagues would experience. . . If I were doing this cold like John Carlson is here. I would say in evaluating the Book of Mormon that it had no place in the New World whatsoever. . . It seems like these are anachronisms. It seems like the items are out of time and place, in trying to put them into the New World. And I think there's a great difficulty here for we Mormons in understanding what this book [of Mormon] is all about."

75 years ago today - Aug 25, 1939

[President Heber J. Grant Diary] During the day we have sent a number of cables regarding the prospective war in Europe arranging through the office of the Secretary of State for visas for our missionaries to get out of the country, suggesting that the missionaries go to Holland and the Scandinavian countries, and if war should break out that they should come on to America. We telegraphed to all our Mission Presidents in the United States asking how many missionaries they could utilize in the respective missions. President Clark has practically given his whole day to this matter; namely, cables, telegrams and interviews regarding conditions in Europe.

[Source: Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

110 years ago today - Thursday, Aug 25, 1904

[Apostle John Henry Smith Diary] ... All of the first Presidency and some Twelve met and had prayer. Prest. J. F. Smith told me he had been offended with some remarks I had made at the Y.M.M.I.A. meeting. After mutual explanation we kissed and made up forgiving each other.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

185 years ago today - 25-Aug 31, 1829

The printing of the Book of Mormon begins, according to John H. Gilbert, "about the middle of August, 1829" ; however, it is also likely that it began only after Harris signed the mortgage on 25 August 1829.

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

60 years ago today - Aug 24, 1954

Apostle Mark E. Petersen states, in defense of the exclusion of black men from LDS priesthood ordination, "Is it not a reasonable belief that the Lord would select the choice spirits for the better grades of nations?" Three days later he gives a speech I support of segregation.

75 years ago today - Aug 24, 1939

The First Presidency directed all missionaries in Germany to move to neutral countries. Later the missionaries were instructed to leave Europe and return to the United States. The last group arrived in New York Nov. 6, 1939.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]