20 years ago today - Mar 3, 1995

Death of Howard W. Hunter, whose presidency is briefest in Mormon history-less than nine months. This is half of previously shortest tenure served by any LDS president: Harold B. Lee's seventeen months and nineteen days.

50 years ago today - Mar 3,1965

Apostle Harold B. Lee is "protesting vigorously over our having given a scholarship at BYU to a negro student from Africa. Brother Lee holds the traditional belief as revealed in the Old Testament that the races ought to be kept together and that there is danger in trying to integrate them on the BYU campus."

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

150 years ago today - Mar 3, 1865

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff] President H. C. Kimball Said to C. W. West G. Q. Cannon & W Woodruff <that President Young ordained his sons [as apostles] alone. He did not have his> 2 Councellors <with him so that it is not legal and it will not stand. It will be broken up and come to naught. They have not the power of the First> presidency <because the> 2 <counsellors did not lay hands upon their> Heads <and I say in the name of Christ it will not stand and I know it by> revelation <and God has given it to me.> Why <did not President Young call upon his> 2 <counsellors? Because he was selfish in it. It was not done by the Spirit of God and it will not stand and the Lord has told me so. The Lord did not call him to do it and it will come to naught. Wilford Woodruff write this and see if it does not come to pass and if it does not then cross it out. This ordination was not legal because his> 2 Councellers <did not> officiate <with him. They have not the same power that his other counsellors have but President Young wished to have his sons lead the Church if he died. This was his> object <and why did he not ask his> Councellers <to come with him? They would have done it if he had> required <it but I know it will not stand.>

[Note, material in angled brackets are in shorthand (code)]

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Mar 3, 1850

At Richmond, Missouri, while visiting fellow Book-of-Mormon witness David Whitmer, Oliver Cowdery is taken ill and dies at age forty-three.

175 years ago today - Mar 3, 1840. Tuesday.

[William Clayton] Went to see Brother Burgess wife and child. She has been disobedient. She seems very penitent. She has a cow dung plaster on her breast. We promised her in the name of the Lord that if she felt to repent and begin to live faithful she should receive a blessing. We anointed and prayed with her and []. ... Sarah Crooks bath my forehead with rum and gave me some mint drops.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

35 years ago today - Mar 2,1980

Introduction of "Consolidated Meeting Schedule" of three-hours on Sundays. This eliminates week-day meetings of auxiliaries, as well as traditional twice daily Sunday meetings. This eases transportation and weekly scheduling but erodes fellowshipping opportunities and diminishes tightly knit social environment of LDS Wards. By 1996, this has severely diminished emotional ties of North American Mormon youth to LDS community, eroding what is called "Mormon ethnic identity." Most dramatic manifestation of this trend is fact that for first time in Mormon history, young women cease LDS participation at greater percentages than young men (according to general authority Jack H. Goaslind's statement in BYU Daily Universe, 31 Aug 1992). Likewise, despite absolute increase in missionary numbers, proportion of Mormon males who accept full time missions has decreased significantly in North America.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

65 years ago today - Mar 2, 1950

[Spencer W. Kimball] I now learned that THE PEN, the literary magazine of the University had been given with other books and pamphlets to the delegates and that this PEN was a vicious tirade and insult to the Church again. [He describes articles and authors including Dale Morgan, Ray West, Maurine Whipple, Vardis Fisher, Laury Cracroft, Wallace Stenger & Fawn Brodie] ... I resented it with all the power of my soul. As I went home I stopped at the home of LeVan and he gave me his copy. I exploded when it was suggested that 'no harm was intended' and that it was but the stupid act of a little girl editor. This was the attitude of many people I was to meet in the next few days. I was so angry when I looked through this PEN that I rebuked them with all my power thru [sic] my poor relatives who had to sit and listen. To think that our own members (largely) in the name of 'freedom of thinking and speech' would defame and tear down and vilify! And to think that editor members of the Church would gather these vilifiers together to discredit the Church; and above all to think that these numerous members of the Church would sit blandly down and ignore insult to themselves, their forbears and their Church and prophets was almost more than I could bear. This was not the last of it.

[Source: Spencer W. Kimball Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

80 years ago today - Mar 2, 1935

[Heber J. Grant] There is no objection to your marrying the young lady of your choice according to the civil law and later, when circumstances are such that it is convenient for you to do so, you and she may come to the temple to be sealed for eternity.

... I wish you and your bride-to-be much joy in your future lives, and trust that the Lord will add his blessings.

[Source: Heber J. Grant, Letter to Dix W. Price, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Mar 2, 1900; Friday

Interview with the First Presidency at which I reported my readiness to present the "Pearl of Great Price" with chapter and verse divisions and with references.

[Source: James E. Talmage, Diary]

130 years ago today - Mar 2, 1885 (Monday)

The free mail delivery system was introduced in Salt Lake City.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

130 years ago today - Mar 2, 1885 (Monday)

The first number of the Salt Lake Evening Democrat, a daily anti-Mormon newspaper, was published in Salt Lake City, by the Salt Lake Democrat Company.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

150 years ago today - Mar 2, 1865

[Wilford Woodruff] Brother Isaac Laney gave an account of the Hawns Mill Massacree. He shot one man after he had been shot with several balls.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Mar 2, 1860

Brigham Young's office journal records: "Howard Egan called upon me in relation to Bro[ther] H. S. Sherman discontinuing his services on the western line with him. I told him Bro[ther] Shermans state of health required him to discontinue traveling that he might bestow more attention upon himself and use remedies to entirely cure himself of the piles and tumor he was afflicted with. Howard then left. I told Bro[ther] S. & S. Sherman yesterday that I had been obliged to use a syringe since my sickness in Nauvoo, and now I could not live months without using it; I believe the the [sic] frequent use of it has considerably benefitted my health as I am much better now than I have been for years. I enjoy my food much better that [sic] I used years ago. The use of the syringe strengthens my bowels I am persuaded that in nine cases out of ten the bowels become deranged before the stomach does, and the bowels being deranged soon affect the stomach. I charge the syringe frequently with composition sometimes I mix consecrated oil with it. I have sent for some good olive oil if it can be procured; for the oil the merchants import here is so unpleasant I cannot take it. Another good remedy for the piles is the grease that is attacked to the pizzle [sic] of pig that fat lying near the anus of the animal, this fat is particularly efficacious in the cure of the piles. I gave this remedy with the injections; or rather told my clerk David A. Calder to use these remedies, and he has not been sick since (48) and he was frequently away a few days sick with biliousness and piles. I have my own composition powder prepared it consist of Kyan [sic] pepper, ground ginger, cloves, barberry &c. I will here remark for the benefit of those who may read, that I feel it the duty of all men to take care of their health and use such medicinal remedies as are known to be good, I do not ask the Lord to do for me what I would not do for myself"

155 years ago today - Mar 2, 1860

[Brigham Young] I will here remark for the benefit of those who may read, that I feel it the duty of all men to take care of their health and use such medicinal remedies as are known to be good, I do not ask the Lord to do for me what I would not do for myself. -- Salt Lake City

[Source: Brigham Young Office Journals, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Mar 2, 1845

[Wilford Woodruff] I dreamed last night of seeing two large snakes coming out of a large tree. Their object seemed to be to bite me. Soon a third one appeared, but I thought they had no power to harm me. Soon I met another one which I draged with my foot a long distance in the road. He tried to bite me. I soon trod on his neck. He run his tongue out, but I killed him. (The previous day Wilford had learned that John Greenhow was trying to obtain the copyright to the Doctrine and Covenants in England, which "certainly is a bold move for an apostate or apostates to undertake to Print the works of the Church & rob them out of it.")

[Source: Wilford Woodruff Dreams and Visions, Saints Without Halos, Scott Kenney (http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/n/dreams_ww.phtml)]

175 years ago today - Mar 2, 1840. Monday.

[William Clayton] Sister Warburton was jawlocked. Brother Clark cried with a loud voice and rebuked the fowl spirit and immediately her mouth opened. He anointed her and I prayed. Sister Jane Harris says she has been disobedient to Paul. They have not been very comfortable together. She feels to repent and do better. We prayed with her. ...

Sister Brown says she enquired what time Brother [C.] Miller told us about her sickness and says at the same time she began to amend. She says if she had sent a pocket Handkerchief and we had touched it she would have been well &c.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

175 years ago today - Mar 2, 1840

[Wilford Woodruff] The Lord warned me to go to the South.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - Mar 2, 1825

The WAYNE SENTINEL reports: "More than two hundred souls have become hopeful subjects of divine grace in Palmyra, Macedon, Manchester, Phelps, Lyons, and Ontario since the late revival commenced. This is a powerful work; it is among old and young, but mostly among young people.... The cry is yet from various parts, 'come over and help us.' There are large and attentive congregations in every part, who hear as for their lives."

35 years ago today - Mar 1, 1980

Mark Hofmann, student at Utah State University, writes: "Today I just found out the story of Grandpa's and Grandma's wedding." His grandfather, William Gailey Sears had taken his grandmother, Alethia Call as a post-manifesto, plural wife on February 21, 1906. The wedding was performed by stake president Joseph Summerhays with permission from President Joseph F. Smith.

115 years ago today - Mar 1, 1900

John T. Church denied priesthood due to race,

Because of Church's mixed-race status, the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve met two weeks later to consider his petition to be ordained an Elder and serve a mission, as promised in his blessing. However, after the following theologically and doctrinally unsound discussion, Church was denied the priesthood:



At 11 oclock the Twelve Apostles met with the Presidency at the office. There were present: Presidents Snow, Cannon and Smith, Elders Francis M. Lyman, John Henry Smith, John W. Taylor, Anthon H. Lund and Abraham O. Woodruff.

A communication from President Ira Hinckley setting forth that a man in Oasis named Church, had received his patriarchal blessing in which he was told that he was of the lineage of Ephraim and that he would have the priesthood and go on a mission. But it is believed and so understood that he inherits some negro blood in him through his mother, and many questions were being asked about the right of this party to hold the [p. 2] Priesthood, some holding that he might do so provided the white blood predominates.

President Snow, commendint [sic] on this subject, said that he asked President Brigham Young on one occasion, why it was that millions and millions of people were cursed with a black skin, and when, if ever, this curse would be removed? President Young explained it in this way but whether he had it revealed to him or not, President Snow did not know. When Cain slew Abel he fully understood the effects of the killing of his brother, but that it extended to the spirits in eternity. He said that in the spirit world people were organized as they were here. There were Patriarch[s] standing at the head of certain classes of spirits, and there were certain relationships existing which affected their coming into the world to take tabernacles. For instance, when Able [sic] came into the world it was understood by Cain that the class of people which he presided over as a prince, if they ever came into the world in the regular way, they would have to come through him. So with Cain, he

was a prince presiding over a vast number of a certain class of spirits, and it was natural that they should come through him, if at all, and therefore when Cain slew Abel he understood that the taking of his brothers life was going to deprive the spirits over whom he (Abel) presided from coming into the world, perhaps for thousands and thousands of years; hence the sin was immense because the effects were immense. Then there was this understanding when the Lord executed judgement [sic] upon Cain: The spirits under his leadership still looked up to him, and it was understood that this curse would remain upon his posterity until the class of spirits presided over by Abel should have the privilege of coming into the world and taking tabernacles, and then the curse would be removed.

President Cannon remarked that he had understood that the Prophet Joseph had said during his lifetime that there would be a great wrong perpetrated if the seed of Cain were allowed to have the Priesthood before Abel should have posterity to receive it and this curse was therefore to remain upon the [p. 3] seed of Cain until the time should come that Abel should have posterity. He understood that that time could not not [sic] come until Abel should beget spirits in the eternal worlds and those spirits obtain tabernacles; if it were otherwise the slayer would have advantages over the slain. President Cannon further remarked that it would seem that there was a class of spirits who had to take such bodies for the reason hat Ham introduced this blood through the ark by marrying a woman of the cursed seed named Egyptus.



Despite her children not being able to receive priesthood or enter the temple, in 1903, Harriet Lenore Birchet Church, the former slave, was herself allowed to be endowed and sealed in the temple. Years later, some of her children did go through the temple, but others had their temple work done for them vicariously after death.

[Source: http://www.xtimeline.com/timeline/Chronology-Pertaining-to-Blacks-and-the-LDS-Church]